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Naturalization Study Guide

In order to assist you as you prepare for your naturalization interview with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, we have compiled this brief study guide. In contains a copy of the oath of allegiance to the United States, examples of the types of sentences the USCIS examiner may ask you to write, and sample history and government questions you will be expected to know. All this information is compiled from government source materials. If you have any questions about naturalization or any other immigration matter, please call us at 314-863-1212.

Naturalization Oath Of Allegiance To The United States Of America

“I hereby declare, on oath, that I absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state or sovereignty, of whom or which I have heretofore been a subject or citizen; that I will support and defend the Constitution and laws of the United States of America against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I will bear arms on behalf of the United States when required by the law; that I will perform noncombatant service in the armed forces of the United States when required by the law; that I will perform work of national importance under civilian direction when required by the law; and that I take this obligation freely without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; so help me God.”

Sample Sentences For Written English Testing

To be eligible for naturalization, you must be able to read, write and speak basic English. The sentences on this page are examples of the types of sentences an INS officer may ask you to read aloud or write during your interview. They are not an exhaustive list. The INS officer who interviews you may ask you to read or write other sentences.

A Senator is elected for 6 years.
________ is the Vice President of the United States.
All people want to be free.
America is the land of freedom.
All United States citizens have the right to vote.
America is the home of the brave.
America is the land of the free.
_________ is the President of the United States.
Citizens have the right to vote.
Congress is part of the American government.
Congress meets in Washington, D.C.
Congress passes laws in the United States.
George Washington was the first president.
I want to be a citizen of the United States.
I want to be an American citizen.
I want to become an American so I can vote.
It is important for all citizens to vote.
Many people come to America for freedom.
Many people have died for freedom.
Martha Washington was the first lady.
Only Congress can declare war.
Our Government is divided into three branches.
People in America have the right to freedom.
People vote for the President in November.
The American flag has stars and stripes.
The American flag has 13 stripes.
The capital of the United States is Washington, D.C.
The colors of the flag are red, white and blue.
The Constitution is the supreme law of our land.
The flag of the United States has 50 stars.
The House and Senate are parts of Congress.
The people have a voice in Government.
The people in the class took a citizenship test.
The President enforces the laws.
The President has the power of veto.
The President is elected every 4 years.
The President lives in the White House.
The President lives in Washington, D.C.
The President must be an American citizen.
The President must be born in the United States.
The President signs bills into law.
The stars of the American flag are white.
The Statue of Liberty was a gift from France.
The stripes of the American flag are red and white.
The White House is in Washington, D.C.
The United States flag is red, white, and blue.
The United States of America has 50 states.
There are 50 states in the Union. There are three branches of Government.
He came to live with his brother.
He has a very big dog.
He knows how to ride a bike.
He wanted to find a job.
He wanted to talk to his boss.
He went to the post office.
His wife is at work right now.
His wife worked in the house.
I am too busy to talk today.
I bought a blue car today.
I came to _______ (city) today for my interview.
I count the cars as they pass by the office.
I drive a blue car to work.
I go to work everyday.
I have three children.
I know how to speak English.
I live in the State of ____________.
I want to be a United States citizen.
It is a good job to start with.
My car does not work.
She can speak English very well.
She cooks for her friends.
She is my daughter, and he is my son.
She needs to buy some new clothes.
She wanted to live near her brother.
She was happy with her house.
The boy threw a ball.
The children bought a newspaper.
The children play at school.
The children wanted a television.
The man wanted to get a job.
The teacher was proud of her class.
The white house has a big tree.
They are a very happy family.
They are very happy with their car.
They buy many things at the store.
They came to live in the United States.
They go to the grocery store.
They have horses on their farm.
They live together in a big house.
They work well together.
Today I am going to the store.
Today is a sunny day.
Warm clothing was on sale in the store.
We are very smart to learn this.
We have a very clean house.
You cook very well.
You drink too much coffee.
You work very hard at your job.

Civics Questions

1. What is the supreme law of the land?

2. What does the Constitution do?

3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

4. What is an amendment?

5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?

7. How many amendments does the Constitution have?

8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?

9. What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

10. What is freedom of religion?

11. What is the economic system in the United States?

12. What is the “rule of law”?

13. Name one branch or part of the government.

14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?

16. Who makes federal laws?

17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?

18. How many U.S. Senators are there?

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?

21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members

22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

23. Name your U.S. Representative.

24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

26. We elect a President for how many years?

27. In what month do we vote for President?

28. What is the name of the President of the United States now?

29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

33. Who signs bills to become laws?

34. Who vetoes bills?

35. What does the President’s Cabinet do?

36. What are two Cabinet-level positions?

37. What does the judicial branch do?

38. What is the highest court in the United States?

39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?

42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

43. Who is the Governor of your state now?

44. What is the capital of your state?

45. What are the two major political parties in the United States?

46. What is the political party of the President now?

47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.

49. What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?

50. Name one right only for United States citizens.

51. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?

52. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?

53. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?

54. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?

55. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?

56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?

57. When must all men register for the Selective Service?

58. What is one reason colonists came to America?

59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

61. Why did the colonists fight the British?

62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

64. There were 13 original states. Name three.

65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

66. When was the Constitution written?

67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

69. Who is the “Father of Our Country”?

70. Who was the first President?

71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

74. Name one problem that led to the Civil War.

75. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?

76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?

78. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.

79. Who was President during World War I?

80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?

81. Who did the United States fight in World War II?

82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?

83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?

84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?

86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?

87. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.

88. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.

89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?

90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?

91. Name one U.S. territory.

92. Name one state that borders Canada.

93. Name one state that borders Mexico.

94. What is the capital of the United States?

95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?

96. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?

97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?

98. What is the name of the national anthem?

99. When do we celebrate Independence Day?

100. Name two national U.S. holidays.


1. the Constitution

2. sets up the government

defines the government

protects basic rights of Americans

3. We the People

4. a change (to the Constitution)

an addition (to the Constitution)

5. the Bill of Rights

6. speech




petition the government

7. twenty-seven (27)

8. announced our independence (from Great Britain)

declared our independence (from Great Britain)

said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)

9. life


pursuit of happiness

10. You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

11. capitalist economy

market economy

12. Everyone must follow the law.

Leaders must obey the law.

Government must obey the law.

No one is above the law

13. Congress




the courts


14. checks and balances

separation of powers

15. the President

16. Congress

Senate and House (of Representatives)

(U.S. or national) legislature

17. the Senate and House (of Representatives)

18. one hundred (100)

19. six (6)

20. Answers will vary (in Missouri, the Senators are Roy Blunt and Claire McCaskill).

21. four hundred thirty-five (435)

22. two (2)

23. Answers will vary (in St. Louis, MO 3rd district, it is Russ Carnahan).

24. all people of the state

25. (because of) the state’s population

(because) they have more people

(because) some states have more people

26. four (4)

27. November

28. Barack Obama


29. Joseph R. Biden, Jr.

Joe Biden


30. the Vice President

31. the Speaker of the House

32. the President

33. the President

34. the President

35. advises the President

36. Secretary of Agriculture

Secretary of Commerce

Secretary of Defense

Secretary of Education

Secretary of Energy

Secretary of Health and Human Services

Secretary of Homeland Security

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

Secretary of the Interior

Secretary of Labor

Secretary of State

Secretary of Transportation

Secretary of the Treasury

Secretary of Veterans Affairs

Attorney General

Vice President

37. reviews laws

explains laws

resolves disputes (disagreements)

decides if a law goes against the Constitution

38. the Supreme Court

39. nine (9)

40. John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)

41. to print money

to declare war

to create an army

to make treaties

42. provide schooling and education

provide protection (police)

provide safety (fire departments)

give a driver’s license

approve zoning and land use

43. Answers will vary (in Missouri, it is Jay Nixon).

44. Answers will vary (in Missouri, it is Jefferson City).

45. Democratic and Republican

46. Democratic (Party)

47. (John) Boehner

48. Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).

You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.

Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)

A male citizen of any race (can vote).

49. serve on a jury

vote in a federal election

50. vote in a federal election

run for federal office

51. freedom of expression

freedom of speech

freedom of assembly

freedom to petition the government

freedom of worship

the right to bear arms

52. the United States

the flag

53. give up loyalty to other countries

defend the Constitution and laws of the United States

obey the laws of the United States
serve in the U.S. military (if needed)

serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)

be loyal to the United States

54. eighteen (18) and older

55. vote

join a political party

help with a campaign

join a civic group

join a community group

give an elected official your opinion on an issue

call Senators and Representatives

publicly support or oppose an issue or policy

run for office

write to a newspaper

56. April 15

57. at age eighteen (18)

between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)

58. freedom

political liberty

religious freedom

economic opportunity

practice their religion

escape persecution

59. American Indians

Native Americans

60. Africans

people from Africa

61. because of high taxes (taxation without representation)

because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)

because they didn’t have self-government

62. (Thomas) Jefferson

63. July 4, 1776

64. New Hampshire


Rhode Island


New York

New Jersey





North Carolina

South Carolina


65. The Constitution was written.

The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

66. 1787

67. (James) Madison

(Alexander) Hamilton

(John) Jay


68. U.S. diplomat
oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
first Postmaster General of the United States

writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”

started the first free libraries

69. (George) Washington

70. (George) Washington

71. the Louisiana Territory


72. War of 1812

Mexican-American War

Civil War

Spanish-American War

73. the Civil War

the War between the States

74. slavery

economic reasons

states’ rights

75. freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)

saved (or preserved) the Union

led the United States during the Civil War

76. freed the slaves

freed slaves in the Confederacy

freed slaves in the Confederate states

freed slaves in most Southern states

77. fought for women’s rights

fought for civil rights

78. World War I

World War II

Korean War

Vietnam War

(Persian) Gulf War

79. (Woodrow) Wilson

80. (Franklin) Roosevelt

81. Japan, Germany, and Italy

82. World War II

83. Communism

84. civil rights (movement)

85. fought for civil rights

worked for equality for all Americans

86. Terrorists attacked the United States

87. Cherokee






















88. Missouri (River)

Mississippi (River)

89. Pacific (Ocean)

90. Atlantic (Ocean)

91. Puerto Rico

U.S. Virgin Islands

American Samoa

Northern Mariana Islands


92. Maine

New Hampshire


New York





North Dakota





93. California


New Mexico


94. Washington, D.C.

95. New York (Harbor)

Liberty Island
(New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River) are acceptable)

96. because there were 13 original colonies

because the stripes represent the original colonies

97. because there is one star for each state

because each star represents a state

because there are 50 states

98. The Star-Spangled Banner

99. July 4

100. New Year’s Day

Martin Luther King, Jr. Day

Presidents’ Day

Memorial Day

Independence Day

Labor Day

Columbus Day

Veterans Day



For more information, see USCIS Study Materials website.